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The Tamilnadu has many temples apart from the famous ones. Lots of Amman temples, Ganesh temples and Murugan temples are there in cities as well as in villages. In most of the Amman temples festivals are occurring in the tamil month of Aadi and Chitthirai. In chennai you can see most of the small Amman temples are in celebration mode in the month Aadi.

A typical village temple festival is conducted in 3 phases.

Announcement Phase:  The first phase is the announcement of celebrations, this is normally done by hoisting a holy flag in a post (called as Kodimaram in tamil and it is typically made up of wood) which is located in the entrance of a temple opposite to the main shrine. It is called as kodiyetruthal (raising the flag) or satruthal (announcement) or Kappukattuthal. After this in the village no one should consume non veg and no one should leave the village.

Kodimaram

Celebration Phase: the next phase is festival celebrations. Normally there will be a week time between the announcement and actual celebration day. In between the announcement and celebration the Statue of the God will be taken in a procession normally in the midnight around the village with traditional music and dance (Karakam, Devarattam-folk dance).

The people of the village invites their relatives who lives in near by villages for the festival. On the day of festival every family with their relatives come to temple and offer their prayer. The offer (Nerthikadan or Venduthal) would be done by many ways Theechatti (bringing fire filled pot to temple with spare hands), Kavadi, Vadam ilthual, Ma vilakku, Kann pannai, Mulaipari (normally done by girls), Pookuli (walking in hot lignite), Palkudam etc.

Theechatti:

TheeChatti2

Kavadi:

Kavadi

Mulai pari:

Mulaipari

Car Festival:

Car festival

End of Festival: the next phase is end of festival. A week later the people offer the prayer once again which is called as Marupoojai (Prayer once again). On this day the villagers play with their relatives by pouring Manjal thanni (water mixed with turmeric power) on each other. Mostly a girl used to pour Manjal thanni  on a boy who has a relationship called Mama.

You can click the below links to know more about some of the thinks mentioned in this Post

Link for Folk dance– http://www.folkdance-tamilnadu.com

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The Pongal festival is one of the most important festival for Tamilians. It is a harvest festival celebrated by four days. Tamilian thanking Sun, Farmers, Ox and Cows who all are helping in their cultivation in each of the four days. It is celebrated in a Tamil month called Thai (between January and February). The whole week during the Pongal Festival will be in celebration mode across Tamilnadu. Most of the shopping areas will be fully occupied with abrupt seasonal shops which sell products used in Pongal celebrations such as Turmeric plant, Sugarcane, Pots, Color powders.

On BOGI: The First day is called as Bogi Festival when the houses are cleaned, Painted and given color borders on the walls. On Bogi evening in each of the house people will tie with Mango, Neem leaves.

On Pongal: The first day is to thank Sun (Suriyan in Tamil) which is necessary for agriculture. In the early morning the house wife will cook a recipe which is also called as Pongal normally in the outside of the house where we can get sun light. The Pot which is used for cooking tied with turmeric plant and the place is decorated with Rangoli (Kolam in Tamil) and Sugarcane (Karumpu in Tamil). With the cooked Pongal they worship the Sun in their traditional way.

Figure of Pongal where a home maker is preparing pongal and everyone is worshiping.

On MattuPongal: The second day is to thank Ox and cows. On this day the Ox and cows are decorated with Flowers, Color Powders and painting on the horn. They will be tied with Salangai around the neck. This day also People cook Pongal and worship the Ox and Cows. On this day in most of the villages a game called Jallikattu (Taming the Bull in bare hands) will be conducted.

On Kanum Pongal: The third day the tamilian will celebrate Pongal by spending time with their relatives and Friends. They will go to nearby tourist spots and will enjoy by playing some games within themselves. This day is actually to build the relationship among relatives and friends. In chennai the people gather and celebrate Kanum Pongal in marina beach, Vandaloor zoo and Mamallapuram.

Visit Tamilnadu during Pongal festival (normally on January 14-17) and feel the village tradition. The tamilnadu tourism department is also organizing some of the Pongal festival celebrations with traditional games for foreigners.

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Mens wear:

Dhoti and Shirt:

Traditional Tamilian men’s garments are Veshti(Dhoti in English) and Shirt on Top. Dhoties are mostly white in color with different borders but Shirts can have any color.

Actor Rajkiran in Dhoti:

Lungi:

While in home most of the men wear Lungi also called as Kaili. It looks similar to Dhoti and wearing method is different for Dhoti and Lungi. The below picture shows actor Dhanush and others wearing Lungi in the film Adukalam.

Ladies Wear:

They have many options Skirt, Sudidhar, Halfsaree, Saree

Pavadai (Skirt): In tamil it is called as Pavadai (which means ladies wear).This is opt only for little girls.

Cute Little girls in Skirt:

Dhavani (Halfsaree): It is called as Dhavani in Tamil. A girl looks more traditional if she wears this Dhavani. For traditional celebrations such as Temple festivals, Pongal, Classical Music seasons most of the girls wear this half saree.

Girls in Half Saree:

Sudidhar:

It becomes the most common wear for women from little girls to aged woman. In sudidhar there are more varieties.

Saree:

Saree is the wear which adds more beauty to a woman. There are lots of varieties are available in Sarees based on the material it made upon such as Silk saree, Cotton saree and also based on the design. The wearing styles varies based on the region around the world. Sarees are also classified based on the place of manufacturing such as Kanchipuram Silk Sarees, Sakkampatti Sarees, Chinnalapatti Sarees. In tamilnadu the more common styles followed are the normal one, Mami and Village style.

Women in Casual Saree:

Actor Trisha in Pattu (Silk)  Saree: The below images are the examples of silk (Pattu) sarees which adds more traditional and homely look.

 

Stores :

Some of the Stores where these kind of garments available are listed below,

http://www.ramrajcotton.in/

http://www.harinisilks.com

http://www.pothys.co.in

https://www.rmkv.com/

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